## Polynomial Regression and Features-Extension of Linear Regression

Priliminaries A Simple Linear Regression Least Squares Estimation Extending Linear Regression with Features1 The original linear regression is in the form: \[ \begin{aligned} y(\mathbf{x})&= b + \mathbf{w}^T \mathbf{x}\\ &=w_01 + w_1x_1+ w_2x_2+\cdots + w_{m+1}x_{m+1} \end{aligned}\tag{1} \] where the input vector \(\mathbf{x}\) and parameter \(\mathbf{w}\) are \(m\)-dimension vectors whose first components are \(1\) and bias \(w_0=b\) respectively. This equation is linear for both the input vector and parameter vector. Then an idea come to us, if we set \(x_i=\phi_i(\mathbf{x})\) then equation (1) convert to:...